The Mystery and Meaning of Kodungallur Bharani Pattu
Kodungallur Bharani Pattu is a ritualistic song performed by devotees of the goddess Bhagavathy at the Kodungallur temple in Kerala, India. The song is sung during the Meena Bharani festival, which falls in March or April every year. The song is known for its explicit and abusive lyrics, which are said to please the goddess and ward off evil spirits.
The origin and significance of Kodungallur Bharani Pattu are shrouded in mystery and controversy. Some scholars believe that the song is a remnant of an ancient fertility cult that worshipped the mother goddess in her fierce and erotic form. Others suggest that the song is a form of protest and resistance against the Brahminical domination and caste oppression in Kerala. Some also argue that the song is a way of expressing the subaltern emotions and desires of the marginalized sections of society.
The lyrics of Kodungallur Bharani Pattu are not available in any written form, as they are orally transmitted and improvised by the singers. However, some enthusiasts have tried to document and preserve the lyrics in digital formats, such as PDF files. One such file is titled \"Kodungallur Bharani Pattu Lyrics Pdf 11l\", which contains 11 pages of lyrics in Malayalam language. The file can be downloaded from various online sources, such as YouTube, Wixsite, PDFfiller, and US Legal Forms.
Kodungallur Bharani Pattu is a unique and fascinating cultural phenomenon that reflects the diversity and complexity of Kerala's religious and social history. The song challenges the conventional norms and boundaries of morality, sexuality, and spirituality, and invites us to explore the hidden and suppressed aspects of our psyche.
The Kodungallur temple has a long and rich history that dates back to the ancient Chera dynasty. According to legend, the Chera king Cheran Chenguttuvan built the temple for Kannaki, the heroine of the Tamil epic Silappathikaram. Kannaki was a faithful wife who avenged her husband's unjust death by burning down the city of Madurai with her anklet. She then ascended to heaven and became a goddess. The king brought a huge stone from the Himalayas and installed it as a symbol of Kannaki's chastity and courage.
The temple was also associated with Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who reclaimed Kerala from the sea by throwing his axe. Parasurama prayed to Lord Shiva to protect the land and its people from a demon named Daruka, who harassed them. Shiva sent his consort Parvati in the form of Bhadrakali to slay the demon. Bhadrakali killed Daruka and his army with the help of the local chieftains called Velans, who sang abusive songs to provoke and distract the demon. The Velans became the priests of Bhadrakali and continued to sing the songs every year during the Meena Bharani festival.
The temple witnessed many historical events and changes over the centuries. It was patronized by various rulers and dynasties, such as the Cholas, the Pandyas, the Zamorins, and the Cochin royal family. It also faced invasions and attacks from foreign powers, such as the Portuguese, the Dutch, Tipu Sultan, and the British. The temple was renovated and restored several times by different authorities and devotees. The temple is now managed by a trust under the Cochin Devaswom Board. aa16f39245